Celebrating and conserving the ecological richness of California's grasslands

Grasslands Journal 

Grasslands is published four times year with feature articles about native grasses, restoration, land management, current conservation efforts, and (of course) grassland habitat. 

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Just Released!

Grasslands - Fall 2021 Vol 31. No. 4

In this issue:

  • CNGA’s 14th Annual Field Day at Hedgerow Farms: Sowing the Seeds of Grasslands Conservation – Pat Reynolds and Diana Jeffery
  • Bunchgrass Circle - CNGA's Corporate, Agency, and Associate Members - Thank you!
  • A Story of Vernal Pool Restoration Within the Laguna de Santa Rosa Floodplains – Sarah P. Gordon, Asa Voight, and Wendy Trowbridge
  • Diversity & Inclusion Conversations – Leticia Morris
  • Notable Revisions to Grassland Species Treatments in the Jepson eFlora – Emily Allen
  • Meet a Grassland Researcher: Eliza Hernández
  • California Grassland Research Awards for Student Scholarship (GRASS)
  • Native California Meadow Grasses – Davis Amme, 1985

On the cover:  Revitalized by early rains, California fescue (Festuca californica) is illuminated through a canopy opening in an Oregon white oak (Quercus garryana) savanna at the top of the Graham Creek drainage, Sonoma Mountain, Sonoma County, California. Photo: Jeffery T. Wilcox

Grasslands - Summer 2021 Vol 31. No. 3

Special 30th-Anniversary Issue

In this issue:

  • Thirty Years of Changes in How We Understand and Steward California’s Grasslands - Valerie Eviner and Michelle Halbur
  • CNGA’s Origin and History in Three Brief but Spectacular Articles - Robert Delzell, David Amme, John Anderson
  • VISIT A NATIVE GRASSLAND: Russell Ranch, UC Davis -Sarah Gaffney
  • Observations of Ecotypes Used for Native Grassland Restoration at Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge - Joe Silveira
  • Evolutionary Lineages, Unrecognized Local Plant Endemism, and Conservation of Cryptic California Native Plant Diversity - Bruce Baldwin

  • 30th Anniversary Membership Interest Survey - Sarah Gaffney
  • Meet the Class of 2021: Grassland Research Awards for Student Scholarship (GRASS) Recipients – Gregory Arena, Nora Bales, Ernesto Chavez-Velasco, Roisin Deák, Robert Fitch, Madison Fedor, Raphaela Elise Floreani Buzbee, Rebecca Ann Nelson Landin Noland, Suzanne Ou, Joanna Tang
  • Bunchgrass Circle – CNGA’s Corporate, Agency and Associate Members – Thank You! 

On the cover: CNGA 30th Anniversary Cover Artwork by Lesley Goren, www.lesleygoren.com. Counter-clockwise from left: Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta), Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus), Kotolo Milkweed (Asclepias eriocarpa), Western Blue-eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium bellum), California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica), Baby Blue-eyes (Nemophila menziesii), Sky Lupine (Lupinus nanus), Western Bumblebee (Bombus occidentalis), Purple Needlegrass (Stipa pulchra).

Thank you, Lesley, for your colorful and fanciful grassland bouquet!

Grasslands - Spring 2021 Vol 31. No. 2

Commemorative Issue: John Anderson

In this issue: 

  • Introduction - Bryan Young
  • The University of Hedgerow Farms -Bryan Young
  • John Anderson's Living Legacy - Pat Reynolds
  • The Field as a Classroom - Emily Allen
  • Contributions to the Field of Grasslands Research in California - Emily Allen
  • John Anderson - California Native Grassland Restoration Pioneer and Champion of Native Grassland Restoration at Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge Complex - Joe Silveira
  • Truly a Man Outstanding in His Field: John Anderson's Service and Awards - Taya Meyer
  • Bunchgrass Circle - CNGA's Corporate, Agency and Associate Members

   Grasslands - Winter 2021 Vol 31. No. 1 

   In this issue:

  • Announcing Two Special Grasslands Issues in 2021
  • Selecting Coastal California Prairie Species for Climate-Smart Grassland Restoration
  • CNGA to Celebrate Milestone Anniversary
  • Using California Native Grasses in Garden Design
  • Seasonal Changes in Forage Nutrient and Toxicity Levels on California Central Coast Rangelands: A Preliminary Study
  • Students! Apply for a GRASS Scholarship
  • Multiple-Year Control of Medusahead on the Modoc Plateau
  • Grassland Researcher: Roxanne Hulme Foss
  • Bunchgrass Circle

On the cover: Fresh snow blankets a dormant grassland on top of Sonoma Mountain in Sonoma County. Photo: Jeffery T. Wilcox, Managing Ecologist, Sonoma Mountain Ranch Preservation Foundation, Former CNGA Board Member.

Grasslands - Fall 2020 Vol 30. No. 4 

   In this issue:

  • CNGA's 13th Annual Field Day at Hedgerow Farms Goes Virtual
  • Grasslands Researcher: Roisin Deák
  • More Questions than Answers: The Recovery of Biological Soil Crust Communities After Prescribed Burns
  • Coastal Prairie Restoration: Choosing Plants for Success - Illustrated Research Article!  
  • Visit a Native Grasslands: Drakesbad Meadow, Lassen Volcanic Park
  • Hands on the Land, Heart in Community: Returning Cultural Fires
  • Bunchgrass Circle

On the cover: Grindelia camporum, gumweed, a wonderful late-season prolific blooming perennial forb.  Photo by Emily Allen, botanical and restoration consultant and CNGA board member (November 2019).

 Grasslands - Summer 2020 Vol 30. No. 3 

   In this issue:

  • The Impact of Drought and Pocket Gophers on Restored Native Perennial Bunchgrasses in California
  • Grasslands Researcher: Justin Luong
  • Can a Summer Burn Following Watering to Flush the Exotic Annual Grass Seedbank Confer an Advantage to Native Perennial Grasses in Restored Grasslands? 
  • Species Spotlight: Hairy Orcutt Grass
  • Bunchgrass Circle

On the cover:  A beautiful and diverse collection of natives found on a rural roadside outside of Petaluma. Photo by Emily Allen, CNGA Board Member

Grasslands - Spring 2020 Vol 30. No. 2

In this issue

  • Biodiversity Loss and Phenology in California Grasslands
  • Grasslands Researcher: Sarah Gaffney
  • Invasive Annual Weeds—Problems or Symptoms? Part 4
  • Species Spotlight: Hairy Wood Rush
  • Large-flowered Fiddleneck Recovery Implementation Team
  • Meet the 2020 Grassland Research Awards for Student Scholarship (GRASS) Recipients
  • Bunchgrass Circle

On the cover:  San Luis Obispo County wildflowers, April 13, 2019. Photo: Mariga Torossian

Grasslands - Winter 2020 Vol 30. No. 1 

  • Species Spotlight: Santa Cruz Tarplant
  • California Native Grasslands: A Historical Perspective
  • Grasslands Researcher: Maddie Nolan
  • Unraveling the Plant-insect interactions Taking Place in Your Native Garden
  • Meet a Rancher: Julie Finigan Morris and Joe Morris
  • Is Funding Always Worth the Cost? 
  • Bunchgrass Circle

On the cover:  A rare significant snowfall on the Mitsui Ranch, in the oak savanna of the Inner Coast Range of Sonoma County near Petaluma. Photo:Jeffery T. Wilcox, Managing Ecologist, Sonoma Mountain Ranch Preservation Foundation, Former CNGA Board Member

Grasslands - Fall 2019 Vol 29. No. 4

    • VISIT A NATIVE GRASSLAND: Prairies of Point Arena
    • California Grassland Research Awards for Student Scholarship
    • Mapping and Investigating the Spatial Distribution of Peritoma arborea var. globosa, a California Endemic Shrub
    • SPECIES SPOTLIGHT:  Monument Plant
    • Impacts of Coastal Scrub on the Diversity of Introduced and Native Grass in Southwestern Marin County
    • CNGA Calendar
    • Safeguard Native Grasses and Forbs for a More Wildfire Resilient California: CNGA weighs in on big state vegetation treatment project affecting over 20 million acres. 
    • A New Field Guide for Identifying Weeds, Forages and Native of Central Sierra Nevada
    • Bunchgrass Circle

    On the cover: Madia elegans (common, or showy madia) growing at Grace Hudson Museum, Ukiah, CA. Photo courtesy of Emily Allen, CNGA Board of Directors.  

    Grasslands - Summer 2019 Vol 29. No. 3 - Special Issue: Fire in California

    • CNGA's 12th Annual Field Day at Hedgerow Farms
    • Location and Seeding Affect the Outcomes of Controlled Burning of California Annual Rangeland
    • Species Spotlight: Fire Poppy
    • Invasive Weed Management Post-Wildfire: Closer Look at Camp Fire Invasive Weeds in Right-of-ways
    • Grasslands Researcher: Sasha Berleman
    • Burning by the Day: Why Cost/acre is not a Good Metric for Prescribed Fire
    • Field Report: Building a Burn Trailer to Support Your Community's Prescribed Fire Efforts
    • Going Native: Designing for Fire--Homeowner Guidelines and Considerations for Native Planting

    Grasslands - Spring 2019 Vol 29. No. 2

    • Restoring Native Grasslands for Wildlife and Grazing
    • Grow a Genius!
    • Climate Change and Grass-Specialist Butterflies of the Central Valley
    • Options for Prescribed Fire on Private Lands in California
    • Species Spotlight: Side-blotched Lizard
    • Grasslands Researcher: Three Ecologists Remember Dr. Erin Espeland
    • Meet the 2019 Grassland Research Awards for Student Scholarship Recipients
    • Bunchgrass Circle

    Grasslands - Winter 2019 Vol 29. No. 1 

    Grasslands - Fall 2018 Vol 28. No. 4          

      • Snapshot: Native Landscaping and Metapopulations
      • Monitoring Long-term Change in Coastal Prairies of the Marin Headlands
      • Visiting California Grasslands: Brushy Peak Regional Preserve
      • Species Spotlight: Narrow Manna Grass
      • Explaining the Dispersed Spatial Pattern of Peritoma arborea var. globosa

      Grasslands - Summer 2018 Vol 28. No. 3          

      • Visiting California Grasslands: Azalea hill/Pine Mountain, Marin Co.
      • CNGA's 11th Annual Field Day at Hedgerow Farms
      • Species Spotlight: Jerusalem Cricket
      • View From the Field: Invasive Annual Weeds - Problems or Symptoms? Part 2

      Grasslands - Spring 2018 Vol 28. No. 2     

      • Natural History (for a Natural Future) in  California's Grasslands
      • Species Spotlight: Loggerhead Shrike
      • Invasive Annual Weeds--Problems or Symptoms?
      • Snapshot: Springtime Observations in Your Native Garden
      • Visiting California Grasslands: Low Gap Park, Ukiah, Mendocino County

      APPENDIX: Abstracts on Grasslands from CNPS Conference, February 2018 in Los Angeles

      Grasslands Vol 28. No. 1 - Winter 2018


      • California's Native Perennial Grasses Provide Strong Suppression of Goatgrass and Medusahead
      • Reprint from 2008 with introduction comments from CNGA Board Members - Italian Ryegrass: A New Central California Dominant? 
      • Creating Structured Native Meadows for Landscapes

      Grasslands Vol 27, No. 4 - Fall 2017  


      • Re-watering Rangeland for Drought Resistance
      • Landscaping with Natives - Sticky Plants in Your Garden 
      • Species Spotlight: Western Meadowlark
      • Visit a Grassland: Point St. George
      • Progress Report: Tumbleweed on California's Central Coast

      Vol. 27. No. 3 - Summer 2017 -Special Issue - Critters in the Grasslands

      • California's Central Valley: A Winter Paradise for North America's Raptors
      • Game Species management and Economics of Hunting Enterprises in California Grasslands
      • Species Spotlight: Crab Spider
      • Announcing a new Grasslands Series: Native Landscaping Snapshots

         Vol. 27. No. 2 -  Spring 2017 Special Issue: Climate Change and Grasslands
                 Appendix to Volume 27 (2)

        Feature Articles:

        • California's Drier Future: What Will it Mean for Grasslands?, Susan Harrison
        • Soil Characteristics Influence Drought Tolerance of Perennial Plants During Mediterranean Summers or Projected Climate Changes, Vic Claassen
        • Experimental Approaches to Addressing Climate Change Challenges in Prairie Restoration, T Young, KL Stuble, JA Balachowski, ME Lulow, C Werner, K Wolf
        • Species Spotlight: Douglas' Meadowfoam, Andrea Williams

          Vol. 27. No. 1 - Winter 2017 

          Feature Articles:

          • Sleeping Beneath the Weeds: Unearthing California Native Seeds
          • In Search of an "Honest" Grass
          • Visit a Grassland: Jepson Prairie Preserve, Solano County

          Vol. 26. No. 4 - Fall 2016

               Supplemental materials: References and Appendix

             Feature Articles:

          • Restoring Native Coastal Prairies on California's Lost Coast
          • Seedbanks in Restored and Degraded Annual California Grasslands: Implications for Management
          • Breeding Systems and Hybridization Potential of Native Grassland Species

          Vol. 26. No.3 - Summer 2016

          Feature Articles:

          • Topography, Nitrogen and the Growth of Stipa pulchra
          • Santa Rosa Plateau Habitat Studies and Restoration Program
          • Diversifying  Revegetated Native Grassland Communities with Native Wildflowers

          Vol. 26. No.2 - Spring 2016

          Vol. 26, No. 1 - Winter 2016

          Vol. 25, No. 4 - Fall 2015

          Vol. 25, No. 3 - Summer 2015

                      Vol. 25, No. 3 - Summer 2015 Appendix A 
            Vol 25, No. 2 - Spring 2015

            Vol. 25, No. 1 - Winter 2015

            Vol. 24, No. 4 - Fall 2014

            Vol. 24, No. 3 - Summer 2014

            Vol. 24, No. 2 - Spring 2014 Special Issue:Drought Management

            Vol. 24. No. 1 - Winter 2014

            Vol. 23, No. 4 - Fall 2013

            Vol. 23, No. 3 - Summer 2013

            Vol. 23, No. 2 - Spring 2013

            Vol. 23, No. 1 - Winter 2013

            Vol. 22, No. 4 - Fall 2012

            Vol. 22, No. 3 - Summer 2012

            Vol. 22, No. 2 - Spring 2012

            Vol. 22, No. 1 - Winter 2012

            Vol. 21, No. 4 - Fall 2011

            Vol. 21, No. 3 - Summer 2011 

            Vol. 21, No. 2 - Spring 2011 Feature Article - CNGA 20th Anniversary: What have we learned about grasses or grasslands in the past 20 years? part 2. 

            Vol. 21, No. 1 - Winter 2011  Feature Article - CNGA 20th Anniversary: What have we learned about grasses or grasslands in the past 20 years?  

            Vol. 20, No. 4 - Fall 2010 (missing pages 16  17) Feature Article- The Marin Carbon Project: Theory in Practice

            Vol 20, No. 3 - Summer 2010 (missing cover) Feature Article- An Overview of North Coast Grasses

            Vol. 20, No. 2 - Spring 2010 Feature Article- Regenerating Disturbed Soils to Sustain Vegetation by Vic Claassen & Jim Hanson

            Vol. 20, No. 1 - Winter 2010 

            Vol. 19, No. 4 - Fall 2009 Feature Article- Conservation Management of California's Coastal Prairie

            Vol. 19, No. 2 - Spring 2009 Feature Article-Italian Ryegrass: A New Central Coast Dominant? 

            Vol. 18. No 1 - Winter 2008 Excerpted articles:

            • Restoring the Grasslands of Northern California's Coastal Dunes
            • Grasslands of Pepperwood Preserve

            Vol. 19, No. 1 - Winter 2009 Feature Article- Life Histories of Vernal Pool Annual Grasses

            Vol 11, No 1 - Winter 2001 Excerpted Article - Resource Management Demonstration at Russian Ridge Preserve, Paul Kephart, Rana Creek Habitat Restoration - Five management options explored in coastal grassland habitat in San Mateo County. 

            Grassland Newsletters 1991 to 1993

            Vol. 3. No. 4 - October 1993 - Feature Article -

            • Roadside Plantings of Perennial Grasses, by Cynthia S. Brown, Robert L. Bugg, and John H. Anderson
            • Herbicide Trials on Selected Native Grasses, by Rachael Freeman

            Vol 3. No. 3 - August 1993 - Feature article - In Search of Native Grass Ecotypes, by Craig and Sue Dremann

            Vol 3. No 2 - May 1993 - Feature article - Hybridization of Selected California Native Grasses, by Kitren G. Weis, PH.D. 

            Vol 3, No 1 - February 1993 - Feature Articles-

            • Strategies for Establishing Native Grasses, by John Anderson
            • Genetic Guidelines in Region 5 with General Genetic Considerations and Seed Collection and Transfer Guidelines for Native Grasses in California, by Connie Millar

            October 1992 CNGA Grasslands Newsletter - Feature Article- Grassland Restoration in California, by David Amme

            September 1992 CNGA Grasslands Newsletter - Feature Articles-

            • Perennial Grasses for Roadside Weed Control, by Ted Adams & John Menke
            • Preliminary Suggested Genetic Guidelines for collection and Transfer of Native Grass Seed Used in Restoration Projects, by Connie Millar

            May 1992 CNGA Grasslands Newsletter - Feature Article- Seeding After Wildfire in California, by David Amme & Ted Adams

            February 1992 CNGA Grasslands Newsletter - Feature Article- Mycorrhizae and Restoration of Native Grasslands, by T.V. St. John

            October 1991 CNGA Grasslands Newsletter Feature Article-Grazing and Fire Management, by John W. Menke

            July 1991 CNGA Grasslands Newsletter Feature Article- Notes on Native Grasses, by Judith Lowry

            April 1991 CNGA Grasslands Newsletter Feature Article- Working with Native Perennial Grasses, by Davis Amme

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